Alexander McCormack, 1882

Alexander McCormack
Birth April 16, 1882 27 25
Baptism May 31, 1882 27 25 (Age 45 days)
Note: St John the Evangelist
Death of a paternal grandfatherRobert McCormack
May 5, 1883 (Age 12 months) Age: 75
Address: 38 Batty Street
Cause: Dropsey Senility
Birth of a brotherJames McCormack
1884 (Age 20 months)
Emigration October 22, 1886 (Age 4 years)
Note: Aboard Ship Barque Hampshire heading to Australia
Birth of a brotherAndrew McCormack
1886 (Age 3 years)
Immigration January 21, 1887 (Age 4 years)
Note: Aboard Ship Barque Hampshire
Birth of a brotherThomas McCormack
1888 (Age 5 years)
Death of a motherSarah Brotherton
April 13, 1889 (Age 6 years) Age: 32
Criminal Record
March 27, 1912 (Age 29 years)

Address: Greenhill Road, Dulwich
Note: Riding a bicycle along the footpath of Greenhill Road, Dulwich
Death of a fatherWilliam Henry McCormack
November 15, 1913 (Age 31 years) Age: 59
Criminal Record
September 14, 1914 (Age 32 years)
Address: King William Street
1915 (Age 32 years)

Joined Australian Imperial Force
January 11, 1915 (Age 32 years)
5ft 10inches, weight; 12st, Chest Measurement 36-39.5inches, Complexion; fair, Eyes; Grey, Hair; dark, Religious denominations CE. Dinstinctive Marks 2L, 4R
January 11, 1915 (Age 32 years)
Criminal Record
January 29, 1915 (Age 32 years)
Address: 1b Franklin Street
Religious marriageLillian Florence WattsView this family
November 17, 1917 (Age 35 years)
November 17, 1917 (Age 35 years)
Address: Sutton Veny Camp
Residence November 1917 (Age 35 years)
Address: Sutton Veny Camp
Death of a brotherJames McCormack
June 14, 1918 (Age 36 years) Age: 33
Cause: Died of Wounds sustained in WW1
Burial of a brotherJames McCormack
June 15, 1918 (Age 36 years)
Address: (Plot II, Row D, Grave No. 33)
Cemetery: Ebblingham Military Cemetary
Death of a brotherWilliam Henry McCormack
July 12, 1918 (Age 36 years)
Birth of a son
Alexander Reginald McCormack
August 22, 1918 (Age 36 years)
Address: 8 Sheppards Barton, Frome
Private 2065 10th Battalion Australian Imperial Force
1918 (Age 35 years)

Criminal Record
February 15, 1920 (Age 37 years)
Address: Hindley Street
Note: Drunk and Disorderly and assulting Mrs McArthur
Witness to criminal event
April 28, 1920 (Age 38 years)
Address: Outside the Royal Admiral Hotel
Note: Charge against constable
Residence May 17, 1920 (Age 38 years)
Address: Royal Admiral Hotel, Hindley Street
Residence August 3, 1920 (Age 38 years)
Address: Yatala Labour Prison
Death of a brotherJohn Robert McCormack
1934 (Age 51 years)
Death of a brotherThomas McCormack
1941 (Age 58 years)
Note: Death not confirmed
Death of a brotherCharles Albert McCormack
July 18, 1943 (Age 61 years) Age: 63
Marriage of a childAlexander Reginald McCormackBetty ShuttleworthView this family
Type: Religious marriage
December 29, 1945 (Age 63 years)
Death of a brotherAndrew McCormack
February 26, 1946 (Age 63 years)
Cause: Accidental Drowning
Cremation of a brotherAndrew McCormack
February 28, 1946 (Age 63 years)
Address: Karrakatta Cemetery
Death of a sonAlexander Reginald McCormack
March 28, 1969 (Age 86 years)
Address: Salford Royal Hospital
Cause: Cerebral Infarction/ Cerebral Haemorrahage
Family with parents
Birth: September 12, 1854 46 25St George in the East, London, England
Death: November 15, 1913Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Birth: 1857 43 41St George in the East, London, England
Death: April 13, 1889East Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Marriage: March 29, 1876Whitechapel, London, England
3 months
elder brother
Birth: July 6, 1876 21 19St George in the East, London, England
Death: July 12, 1918Perth, Western Australia, Australia
23 months
elder brother
Birth: May 21, 1878 23 21Tower Hamlets, London, England
Death: 1934Northam, Western Australia, Australia
3 years
elder brother
Birth: 1880 25 23London, England
Death: July 18, 1943Capel, Western Australia, Australia
2 years
Birth: April 16, 1882 27 25St George in the East, London, England
3 years
younger brother
Birth: 1884 29 27St George in the East, London, England
Death: June 14, 1918France
3 years
younger brother
Birth: 1886 31 29London, England
Death: February 26, 1946Rockingham, Western Australia, Australia
3 years
younger brother
Birth: 1888 33 31Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Death: 1941Maylands, Western Australia, Australia
Family with Lillian Florence Watts
Birth: April 16, 1882 27 25St George in the East, London, England
Birth: 1894 26 24Frome, Somerset, England
Marriage: November 17, 1917Frome, Somerset, England
9 months
Birth: August 22, 1918 36 24Frome, Somerset, England
Death: March 28, 1969Salford, Lancashire, England

St John the Evangelist Stepney Tower Hamlets


Aboard Ship Barque Hampshire heading to Australia


Aboard Ship Barque Hampshire


Riding a bicycle along the footpath of Greenhill Road, Dulwich




Drunk and Disorderly and assulting Mrs McArthur


Charge against constable


The 10th Battalion was raised for the First Australian Imperial Force during the First World War. The battalion was completely recruited from South Australia and formed part of the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division. The battalion was raised within two weeks of the declaration of war and left Australia two months later. After briefly stopping in Fremantle, the battalion proceeded to Egypt, arriving on 2 December. The 3rd Brigade was the covering force for the Anzac landing on 25 April 1915, and went ashore at around 4.30 am. The battalion served at Gallipoli until the evacuation in December. After the withdrawal from Gallipoli, the battalion returned to Egypt. In March 1916, it sailed to France and deployed to the Somme. The battalion's first major action in France was at Pozi??res in July 1916, during the battle of Pozieres Private Arthur Blackburn was awarded the Victoria Cross,. Later the battalion fought at Ypres, in Belgium, before returning to the Somme in winter. In 1917, the battalion returned to Belgium to take part the Third Battle of Ypres. For his valorous actions at Polygon Wood, Private Roy Inwood was awarded the Victoria Cross. In 1918 the battalion helped to stop the German spring offensive in March and April. The battalion subsequently participated in the greatest Allied offensive of 1918, launched near Amiens on 8 August 1918. In June, during an attack near Merris in France, Corporal Philip Davey became the third member of the battalion to be awarded the Victoria Cross. The battalion continued operations to late September 1918. The battalion returned to Australia in November on 5 February 1919, the 9th and 10th Battalions were amalgamated.

Note Information on Australian Military history


11 Jan 1915. Joined Australian Imperial Force. Possibly stated he was a Naturalised British Subject. Description given as 5ft10in, 12st in weight. Chest measurement of 36-39.5 inches, Complexion fair, Eyes, Grey, Hair Dark. Distinctive marks 2 L 4R (?).

20 Apr 1915 Embarked on HMAT Hororata from Adelaide.

Notes held for full service record.

6th May 1919. Returned to Australia on 'Karoola', with gun shot wound to right hip. 21sr June 1919 Arrived back in Australia

17 May 1920 Dishonourably discharged from army

13 Aug 1920 Letter written to Lilian McCormack in Frome, advising that last known whereabouts of her husband was Royal Admiral Hoel, Hindley Street, Adelaide, South Australia.


To be recognised as a British subject in Australia in the first half of the twentieth century one had to be born in Australia, be recognised as a British subject in another Commonwealth country, or be naturalised according to Australian naturalisation laws.

To be sure, British subjecthood, at least for people born in Australia, was a status one acquired without racial qualification. People who were born in Australia were, more or less, automatically British subjects. There was never any doubt that Indigenous Australians were British subjects. They were British subjects by virtue of being born in Australia. Geoffrey Sawer argued in 1961 that:

It is clear that [...] every aboriginal native of Australia born in Australia after 1829 (by which date the whole of the continent was part of the dominions of the Crown) became a British subject by birth; his race was irrelevant, and there were no other circumstances capable of qualifying the allegiance. (6)

British subjects, meanwhile, from outside Australia had to negotiate Australia's White Australia Policy, which restricted immigration on the basis of race. But those non-Australian British subjects who managed to get inside Australia continued to be recognised as British subjects. Thus Indians, for instance, who managed to immigrate to Australia were recognised as British subjects in Australia.

For aliens who managed to negotiate Australia's racist immigration policies and arrive in Australia, the Naturalization Act from 1903 prevented certain "aboriginal native[s]" from being naturalised, and thus prevented these immigrants from enjoying the status of British subject in Australia. (7) This changed in 1920, in keeping with British law, when specific racial qualifications were removed from Australia's naturalisation law. The Nationality Act 1920, under which aliens could seek British subject status in Australia, merely stated that applicants had to show that they had "resided in His Majesty's dominions" for five years, were "of...